Many Tizen users have different abilities that require them to interact with TV in different ways. These include users who have visual, physical or age-related limitations that prevent them from fully seeing or using a TV, and users with hearing loss who may not be able to perceive audible information and alerts.
This page includes Accessibility instructions and guidelines when you implement the features to ensure that people with disabilities have access to advanced communications services.
In particular, if you plan to submit app to United Status, developers need to check the app has to meet guidelines of Federal Communications Commission.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) released a Report and Order implementing provisions of the Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act of 2010 ("CVAA") to ensure that people with disabilities have access to advanced communications services.
The CVAA required the Commission to expand the scope of its existing closed captioning rules to cover devices with small screens and video programming delivered by means of IP. Video programming distributors and owners—i.e., content providers—bear responsibility for captioning content. However, manufacturers of end-user equipment designed to receive, play back, or record programming have an obligation to ensure those captions are accessible on the multitude of devices that are capable of displaying video. Effective date of this rule is January 1, 2014.
Please see the IP Closed Captioning Compliance Guide for further details.
The CVAA required the Commission to create rules intended to (1) enable consumers who are blind or visually impaired to more easily access video programming on a range of video devices, and (2) enable consumers who are deaf or hard of hearing to more easily activate closed captioning on video devices. Effective date of this rule is December 20, 2016.
Please see the User Interface Accessibility Compliance Guide for further details.
ACS are four categories of communication:
Examples of ACS include text messaging, e-mail, instant messaging, and some forms of video calling/video chat. Providers of ACS are responsible for complying with the FCC’s ACS rules.
Please note that Internet browsers that are installed or included by a manufacturer in a device and used for ACS fall under the Commission’s ACS rules as well. Effective date of this rule is October 8, 2015.
Effective date of ACS rule for mobile devices is October 8, 2013. However for TVs is October 8, 2015.
Please see the ACS Compliance Guide for further details.
Content Providers (CPs) who are using content that has been distributed via broadcast with captions in 2012 or later in US must support closed captions for IP video.
Note: This excludes user-generated content and anything that wasn’t captioned when it was shown on broadcast in US.
In particular, applications bundled with a device are considered to be part of the device, and are covered by more stringent rules pertaining to devices. For these bundled applications, a CP must use either their own solution or manufacturer's solution for captioning This solution must handle complicated closed caption user attributes as listed in the FCC rules. The definition of these attributes draw from the CEA 708 standard.
If a CP wants to use Samsung’s solution, we recommend using CEA-708 or SMPTE-TT.
If a CP wants to use their own solution, the CP must fully comply with all FCC's requirements relating to the user attributes of closed captions.
Refer the original text of the regulations (IP Captioning Order, Jan 12, 2012 (FCC-12-9A1))
Applications that designed to receive or play back video programming transmitted simultaneously with sound must comply with user interface rule.
Note: This excludes audio only applications
In particular, applications bundled with a device are considered to be part of the device, and are covered by more stringent rules pertaining to devices. For these bundled applications, a CP must enable consumers who are blind or visually impaired to more easily access video programming. Therefore TTS (text-to-speech) functionality needs to be supported on essential functions.
Also for these bundled applications, a CP must enable consumers who are deaf or hard of hearing to more easily activate closed captioning and video description.
The FCC defines “appropriate built-in apparatus functions” as those used for receiving, playing back, or displaying video programming, specifically:
CP must permit the user to activate closed captioning and video description through a mechanism that is reasonably comparable to a button, key, or icon. We recommend icons for the closed captioning and video description on/off.
Applications that designed for advanced communications services (“ACS”) must comply with ACS rule.
Applications bundled with a device are considered to be part of the device, and are covered by more stringent rules pertaining to devices. For these bundled applications, a CP must supports ACS rule’s requirements.
The term ACS means: (1) Interconnected VoIP service; (2) Non-interconnected VoIP service; (3) Electronic messaging service; and (4) Interoperable video conferencing service.
The term interconnected VoIP service is a service that: (a) enables real-time, two-way voice communications; (b) requires a broadband connection from the user's location; (c) requires Internet protocol-compatible CPE; and (d) permits users generally to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate calls to the public switched telephone network.
A non-interconnected VoIP service is a service that: (a) enables real-time voice communications that originate from or terminate to the user’s location using Internet protocol or any successor protocol; and (b) requires Internet protocol compatible customer premises equipment; and (c) does not include any service that is an interconnected VoIP service.
The term electronic messaging service means a service that provides real-time or near real-time non-voice messages in text form between individuals over communications networks.
An interoperable video conferencing service means a service that provides real-time video communications, including audio, to enable users to share information of the user’s choosing.
First, that input, control, and mechanical functions shall be locatable, identifiable, and operable in accordance with each of the following, assessed independently
Second, that all information necessary to operate and use the product, including but not limited to, text, static or dynamic images, icons, labels, sounds, or incidental operating cues, must comply with each of the following, assessed independently.
Samsung Developers site supports related APIs and Tags to implement IP Closed Captioning and Text To Speech for Accessibility. Each development guide can be different based on our TV Platform.
This Test reference will be used for checking apps which need to meet FCC regulation in US.
Under FCC regulation, if app needs to be automatically downloaded on our Devices, the app has to implement there mandatory checklists below.